The Rising Tide of Plant-Based Proteins: A Vegan Food Revolution in India


India, a country with a substantial vegetarian population, is witnessing a remarkable shift in its culinary landscape with the rising popularity of plant-based, high-protein foods that imitate the taste and texture of conventional animal products. Termed as “vegan foods,” these offerings have gained traction globally and are now making a significant impact in India as well. From chicken nuggets to seekh kebabs and sausages, numerous start-ups are producing wholly plant-based alternatives that cater to health-conscious consumers and those who seek sustainable dietary choices. The potential of this burgeoning industry is immense, driven by the massive domestic market and promising export opportunities.

The Emergence of Vegan Foods in India:

The growth of the vegan food sector in India is rooted in several factors. First and foremost is the increasing awareness of the health and environmental benefits associated with plant-based diets. Vegan foods are rich in protein, thanks to readily available agricultural products like pulses, soybean, and certain millets and cereals. India’s abundant jackfruit, a versatile ingredient, plays a crucial role in providing a meat-like texture to plant-based substitutes.

The pandemic further accelerated the popularity of vegan foods, as people sought immune-boosting options to support their well-being. This led to the rapid growth of the “mock meats” industry, which aims to offer delicious, nutritious, and sustainable alternatives to traditional non-vegetarian fare.

Driving Factors Behind the Vegan Food Trend:

A report by the US Department of Agriculture identifies India as a burgeoning market for plant-based meat substitutes. The country’s history of consuming pulses, jackfruit, and dairy products for protein has made vegan foods appear innovative, healthy, and environmentally friendly to the population. The perception that these foods help prevent non-communicable diseases, digestive disorders, and obesity has further contributed to their growing acceptance.

Another crucial report, brought out by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) last November, explores the reasons for the growing popularity of vegan foods in India. The report notes that the relatively low propensity for meat consumption in India has spurred interest in modern-style plant-based protein-rich products. While meat consumption amounts to just over 4.5 kg per person annually, the demand for plant-based substitutes is experiencing a compound annual growth rate of 5.8 per cent. This trend is set to accelerate, driven by rising incomes, changing food habits, and the influence of India-specific religious and socio-cultural factors, which prompt people to adopt vegan diets during certain occasions and festivals.

The Environmental and Health Benefits:

The shift towards vegan foods is not only beneficial for individuals but also for the environment. Plant-based diets generally require less land and water to produce and result in lower pollution levels compared to animal-based diets. Scientific studies have also demonstrated that vegan foods offer healthier and more sustainable alternatives to non-vegetarian options.

To further enhance their nutritional value, manufacturers are fortifying vegan foods with vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and immunity-boosting contents derived from microbes like fungi, algae, or spirulina. Additionally, digital marketing and social media are playing a vital role in boosting the consumption of these foods.

Challenges and the Path Ahead:

Despite the immense potential, the vegan foods sector in India faces certain challenges. Cost-conscious consumers often find vegan products priced higher than their non-vegetarian counterparts. Addressing this issue requires increased investment in research and development to reduce costs without compromising taste and quality. Public-sector research centers can play a pivotal role in developing value-added vegan products, benefiting both food processors and farmers, who stand to gain from the growth of the vegan sector.


The plant-based, high-protein foods industry is gradually transforming India’s dietary landscape, offering health-conscious and environmentally aware consumers innovative, sustainable, and tasty alternatives to traditional non-vegetarian fare. With growing awareness and demand, the vegan food sector is poised for rapid expansion, heralding a new era of sustainable dietary choices and a promising future for India’s food industry. As the nation embarks on this plant-powered journey, collaboration between stakeholders, investment in research, and consumer education will pave the way for a more sustainable and healthier tomorrow.

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